Wednesday, 27 May 2009

Properties of Nylon 6,6



Properties of Nylon 6,6

Strength


The most outstanding property of nylon is its strength and elasticity. The tenacity varies from 8.8-4.3 gpd while corresponding elongation at break varies from 18-45%. The wet strength of nylon is 80-90% of its dry strength and the elongation at break increases by 5-30% on wetting.

Density: 1.14 g/cc

Elastic Recovery

When nylon yarn is stretched 1,2 and 4% with a load of 0.25 gpd for 30 seconds and then released the recovery after 60 seconds is 38, 63 and 73% respectively.

Moisture Regain

Nylon has a moisture regain of about 4% at 65% RH and 70 deg F.

Action of Light

Like other fibres, nylon undergoes degradation and weakens when exposed to lights.

Appearance

Nylon is dull and semi opaque before cold drawing, but on orientation its lustre is greatly incresed. Delustering is done by adding TiO2 in the polymerisation mixture.

Action of Heat

Nylon melts at 262 deg C in an atmosphere of Nitrogen and at 250 deg C in air. When a very hot iron is used for ironing nylon garments, sticking or even fusion may take place. Therefore ironing should not be done above 180 deg C. Permanent set may be applied to Nylon by heat setting with 25 psi pressure with saturated steam. The pleats thus set remian on wearing and washing even in hot water.

Chemical Properties

Nylon is extremely stable chemically. For example dry cleaning solvents, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, ethers, hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, soaps and synthetic detergents and water including sea water do not affect Nylon.

Also it has got a remarkable stability towards alkali.

Biological Properties

Nylon is not a nutrient for Mildew or bacteria and is not eaten up by moth larvae. But they bite their way up when imprisoned in nylon cloth. It is harmless to human skin.


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