Tuesday, 6 April 2010

Textile Testing for a Home Linen Product



Textile Testing is not something that is to be done on a finished product alone. There is a need to measure the effectiveness of each process so that necessary corrections can be done if needed. As an example, for a home linen fabric, the following testing procedures need to be carried out after every process.

Process of Manufacturing a Home-Linen Product

A typical home linen product is manufactured by the following process

Grey Fabric à Singeing and Desizing à Continuous Bleaching à Chainless Mercerisation à Continuous Dyeing range including Pad Dry and Pad Steam à Auto Jiggers with 20 cylinder drying range and open Stenterà Flat Bed Printingà Rotary Printing machine including loop stenter and polymeriser à stenterà Compressive Shrinkageà Calendering à Stitchingà Folding & Packing and Dispatch

The Following Testing procedures are needed at each stage of the process:

1.       Grey inspection and checking

Every supply of grey cloth needs a thorough check for quality of the material. The following checks need to be made

Checking of damage made during the transit
Checking of quantity supplied
Checking of count, reed and pick
Checking of GSM of the cloth
Checking of width of the grey
Checking of knots in every meter of grey
Checking of any deformity of construction of grey
Checking of any unusual cuts in the cloth

2.       Singeing and Scouring

After passing through the Singeing and Scouring process, the fabric undergoes the pilling test to determine the pilling and fuzzing characteristics of the fabric. Thereafter another test is conducted to determine the abrasion and pilling resistance of the fabric. If thesample fails this test as per specifications provided by the buyer then the grey cloth is sent back for Singeing.

3.       Desizing

De-sizing is the next step after which the TEGAWA test is conducted in a lab to check the presence of starch and other substances in the grey cloth and in the event the material fails this test then it is required to undergo the process of De-sizing.

4.       Bleaching

The absorbency test, whiteness test and ph testing are carried out in the lab after completion of the processes of bleaching, washing and drying.

5.       Mercerisation

Subsequent to the Mercerizing process the fabric undergoes ph testing and TWEDDEL and Barium tests to check the concentration of caustic in the fabric. The operation is repeated in case the fabric fails the tests.

6.       Dyeing

Post completion of the dyeing process, a number of tests are carried out to test the colour matching of the sample as per the buyer’s demand and colour fasteness of the cloth. The dyeing process has to be repeated in the event the fabric fails these tests.

7.       Printing

After completion of printing on the fabric, the tests relating to colour matching and fastness are carried out once again.

8.       Stenting

Once the Stenting process is completed, lab tests are conducted for carrying out the shrinkage tests, tensile strengths and tear strengths of the fabric.


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1 comment:

Sowmiyyan gabisha said...

Hello really nice post on Home textile products and you can find trendy designs and products here, Hope its useful for all.

thank you

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