Textiles act as an interface between man and treament. Depending upon the area of application, the medical textiles are categorises as Non-implantable, implantable and healthcare and hygiene products.
Non implantable material are external to the body, with or without skin contact. It includes absorbant pad, bandages and plasters among others. These material should have good padding characteristics and should be non sticking to the wound. Air and vapor permeability is requrired so that the material is comfortable to the patient. They should have high absorbancy and should be soft and pliable.
Implantable materials are used in place of defective body parts. It includes sutures and soft tissue implants. These materials should have compatibility with the natural body systems. They should be durable and resistant to alkali and acidic media. Of course, they should have functionality for the purpose for which they are applied.
Healthcare and hygine products are not directly used in medical treatment, rather they are used for good hygiene application and healthcare. It includes surgical clothing and surgical covers. They should have high bacterial and viral resistance. They should be hygienic and should have softness and breathablitity. They should have required strength.
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